PALE-Blu Publications

You will find a list of PALE-Blu publications linked below.


  • Alkhamis M., Fountain-Jones NM., Aguilar-Vega C., Sanchez-Vizcaino J.M. Environment, vector, or host? Using machine learning to untangle the mechanisms driving arbovirus outbreaks. Ecological Applications, 31(7):e02407. DOI: 10.1002/eap.2407
  • Aguilar-Vega C., Rivera B., Lucientes J., Gutierrez-Boada I., Sanchez-Vizcaino J.M. A study of the composition of the Obsoletus complex and genetic diversity of Culicoides obsoletus populations in Spain. Parasites & vectors, 14(1):351. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-04841-z
  • Attoui H, Monsion B, Klonjkowski B, Zientara S, Mertens PPC, Mohd Jaafar F. Identification of the Genome Segments of Bluetongue Virus Type 26/Type 1 Reassortants Influencing Horizontal Transmission in a Mouse Model. Viruses. 2021; 13(11):2208.
  • Attoui H., Jaafar F. M., Fragkoudis R. and Mertens, P. P.C. (2021) Vector Transmission of Animal Viruses. In: Bamford, D.H. and Zuckerman, M. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Virology, 4th Edition, vol. 1, pp. 542–551. Oxford: Academic Press.
  • Fairbanks, E. L., Brennan, M. L., Mertens, P. P. C., Tildesley, M. J., & Daly, J. M. (in press). Re-parameterisation of a mathematical model of African horse horse sickness virus using data from a systematic literature search. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases,
  • Guimerà Busquets, M.; Pullinger, G.D.; Darpel, K.E.; Cooke, L.; Armstrong, S.; Simpson, J.; Palmarini, M.; Fragkoudis, R.; Mertens, P.P.C. An Early Block in the Replication of the Atypical Bluetongue Virus Serotype 26 in Culicoides Cells Is Determined by Its Capsid Proteins. Viruses 2021, 13, 919.
  • Fay, P.C.; Mohd Jaafar, F.; Batten, C.; Attoui, H.; Saunders, K.; Lomonossoff, G.P.; Reid, E.; Horton, D.; Maan, S.; Haig, D.; Daly, J.M.; Mertens, P.P.C. Serological Cross-Reactions between Expressed VP2 Proteins from Different Bluetongue Virus Serotypes. Viruses 202113, 1455.
    • Mignotte, A., Garros, C., Dellicour, S., Jacquot M., Gilbert M., Gardès L., Balenghien T., Duhayon M., Rakotoarivony I., de Wavrechin M., Huber K. High dispersal capacity of Culicoides obsoletus (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), vector of bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses, revealed by landscape genetic analyses. Parasites Vectors 14, 93 (2021).
    • Mohd Jaafar, F.; Monsion, B.; Belhouchet, M.; Mertens, P.P.C.; Attoui, H. Inhibition of Orbivirus Replication by Fluvastatin and Identification of the Key Elements of the Mevalonate Pathway Involved. Viruses 2021, 13, 1437. https://
    • van Rijn, P.A.; Maris-Veldhuis, M.A.; Spedicato, M.; Savini, G.; van Gennip, R.G.P. Pentavalent Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA)/DIVA Vaccine Provides Protection in Sheep and Cattle against Different Serotypes of Bluetongue Virus. Vaccines 2021, 9, 1150.


    • Alkhamis M., Aguilar-Vega C., Fountain-Jones N.M., Lin K., Perez A.M., Sanchez-Vizcaino J.M. Global emergence and evolutionary dynamics of bluetongue virus. Scientific reports, 10(1):21677. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-78673-9
    • Aguilar-Vega, C.; Bosch, J.; Fernández-Carrión, E.; Lucientes, J.; Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M. Identifying Spanish Areas at More Risk of Monthly BTV Transmission with a Basic Reproduction Number Approach. Viruses 2020, 12, 1158. DOI: 10.3390/v12101158
    • Aguilar-Vega C., Fernandez-Carrion E., Lucientes J., Sanchez-Vizcaino J.M. A model for the assessment of bluetongue virus serotype 1 persistence in Spain. PLoS ONE, 2020, 15(4):e0232534 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232534
    • Bell-Sakyi, L., Jaafar, F.M., Monsion, B., Luu, L., Denison, E., Carpenter, S., Attoui, H., Mertens, P.P.C. (2020). Continuous cell lines from the European biting midge Culicoides nubeculosus (Meigen, 1830). Microorganisms 8, 825. DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8060825
    • Gahn, M.C.B.; Niakh, F.; Ciss, M.; Seck, I.; Lo, M.M.; Fall, A.G.; Biteye, B.; Fall, M.; Ndiaye, M.; Ba, A.; Seck, M.T.; Sall, B.; Lo, M.; Faye, C.; Squarzoni-Diaw, C.; Ka, A.; Amevoin, Y.; Apolloni, A. Assessing the Risk of Occurrence of Bluetongue in Senegal. Microorganisms 20208, 1766 doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8111766.
    • Golender N, Bumbarov V, Eldar A, Lorusso A, Kenigswald G, Varsano JS, David D, Schainin S, Dagoni I, Gur I, Kaplan A, Gorohov A, Koren O, Oron E, Khinich Y, Sclamovich I, Meir A, Savini G. (2020) Bluetongue Serotype 3 in Israel 2013-2018: Clinical Manifestations of the Disease and Molecular Characterization of Israeli Strains.Front Vet Sci. 2020 Mar 6;7:112. DOI: eCollection 2020. PMID: 32211429
    • Jahel C., Lenormand M., Seck I., Apolloni A., Toure I., Faye C., Sall B., Lo M., Diaw C.S., Lancelot R. Coste C. (2020) Mapping livestock movements in Sahelian Africa. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-65132-8⟩ DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-65132-8
    • Mignotte, A.; Garros, C.; Gardès, L.; Balenghien, T.; Duhayon, M.; Rakotoarivony, I.; Tabourin, L.; Poujol, L.; Mathieu, B.; Ibañez-Justicia, A.; Deniz, A.; Cvetkovikj, A.; Purse, B.V.; Ramilo, D.W.; Stougiou, D.; Werner, D.; Pudar, D.; Petric, D.; Veronesi, E.; Jacobs, F.; Kampen, H.; Pereira Da Fonseca, I.; Lucientes, J.; Navarro, J.; De La Puente, J.M.; Stefanovska, J.; Searle, K.R.; Khallaayoune, K.; Culverwell, C.L.; Larska, M.; Bourquia, M.; Goffredo, M.; Bisia, M.; England, M.; Robin, M.; Quaglia, M.; Miranda-Chueca, M.Á.; Bødker, R.; Estrada-Penã, R.; Carpenter, S.; Tchakarova, S.; Boutsini, S.; Sviland, S.; Schäfer, S.M.; Ozolina¸ , Z.; Seglina¸ , Z.; Vatansever, Z.; Huber, K. The tree that hides the forest: cryptic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in the Palaearctic vector Obsoletus/Scoticus Complex (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) at the European level. Parasites & Vectors, Vol 13, Iss 1, Pp 1-13 (2020), DOI: 10.1186/s13071-020-04114-1
    • Pascall D.J., Nomikou K., Bréard E., Zientara S., Filipe AdS., Hoffmann B., Jacquot M., SingerJ.B., De Clercq K., Bøtner A., Sailleau C., Viarouge C., Batten C., Puggioni G., Ligios C., Savini G., van Rijn P.A., Mertens P.P.C., Biek R., Palmarini M. (2020) “Frozen evolution” of an RNA virus suggests accidental release as a potential cause of arbovirus re-emergence. PLoS Biol 18(4): e3000673. DOI:
    • Rajko-Nenow P, Golender N, Bumbarov V, Brown H, Frost L, Darpel K, Tennakoon C, Flannery J, Batten C. (2020) Complete Coding Sequence of a Novel Bluetongue Virus Isolated from a Commercial Sheeppox Vaccine. Microbiol Resour Announc. 2020 Mar 5;9(10):e01539-19.  DOI: 10.1128/MRA.01539-19. PMID: 32139561
    • Saminathan M., Singh K. P., Vineetha S., Maity M., Biswas S. K., Manjunathareddy G. B., chauhan H. C., Milton A. A. P., Ramakrishnan M. A., Maan S., Maan N. S., Hemadri D., Chande B. S., Gupta V. K. & Mertens P. P. C. Virological, immunological and pathological findings of transplacentally transmitted bluetongue virus serotype 1 in IFNAR1-blocked mice during early and mid gestation; Sci Rep 10, 2164 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-58268-0 
      • Stokes S, Almire F, Tatham MH, McFarlane S, Mertens P, Pondeville E, Boutelle C.. (2020) The SUMOylation pathway suppresses arbovirus replication in Aedes aegypti cells. PLoS Pathog 16(12): e1009134. ppat.1009134
      • Veronesi E., Darpel K., Gubbins S., Batten C., Nomikou K., Mertens P.P.C., Carpenter S. (2020). Diversity of Transmission Outcomes Following Co-Infection of Sheep with Strains of Bluetongue Virus Serotype 1 and 8. Microorganisms. 2020 Jun; 8(6): 851. Published online 2020 Jun 5. DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8060851
      • Zientara S., Beck C., Lecollinet S. 2020. Emerging vectorial diseases: West Nile fever, Bluetongue and Schmallenberg. Bull Acad Natl Med. DOI: 10.1016/j.banm.2020.09.041


      • Aguilar-Vega C, Fernández-Carrión E, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM. The possible route of introduction of bluetongue virus serotype 3 into Sicily by windborne transportation of infected Culicoides spp. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019;66(4):1665-73. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13201.
      • Ahmed S., Mahmoud M.A.E.F., Viarouge C., Sailleau C., Zientara S., Breard E. (2019) Presence of bluetongue and epizootic hemorrhagic disease viruses in Egypt in 2016 and 2017, Infection, Genetics and Evolution  Volume 73, September 2019, Pages 221-226 10.1016/j.meegid.2019.04.033
      • Bréard E., Gorlier A., Viarouge V., Donnet F., Sailleau C., Schulz C., Hoffmann B., Comtet L., Beer M., Zientara S. and Vitour D. 2019. Evaluation of an IgM-specific ELISA for early detection of Bluetongue virus infection in domestic ruminants sera. Transbound Emerg Dis., 66, 537-545 PMID: 30394662 DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13060
      • Cappai S., Rolesu S., Loi1 F., Liciardi M., Leone A., Marcacci M., Teodori L., Mangone I., Sghaier S., Portanti O., Savini G., Lorusso A. Western Bluetongue virus serotype 3 in Sardinia, diagnosis and characterization; Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019;66:1426–1431.; DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13156
      • Ciss M, Biteye B, Fall AG, Fall M, Gahn MCB, Leroux L and Apolloni A. Ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of Culicoides, potential vectors of bluetongue virus in Senegal; BMC Ecol           (2019) 19:45  DOI: 10.1186/s12898-019-0261-9
      • Curini V., Marcacci M., Tonelli A., Di Teodoro G., Di Domenico M., D'Alterio N., Portanti O., Ancora M., Savini G., Panfili M., Camma C., Lorusso A. Molecular typing of Bluetongue virus using the nCounter® analysis system platform. J Virol Methods. 2019 Jul;269:64-69. Epub 2019 Apr 2. PMID: 30951789 DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.04.002
      • El Arbi A.S., Kane Y., Metras R., Hammami P., Ciss M., Beye A., Lancelot R., Diallo A., Adama Diallo, Apolloni A. (2019) PPR control in a Sahelian Setting: what vaccination strategy for Mauritania? Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Frontiers Media, 2019, 6, DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00242
      • Fay PC., Attoui H., Batten C. Jaafar FM., Lomonossoff GP., Daly JM., Mertens PPC. Bluetongue virus outer-capsid protein VP2 expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana raises neutralising antibodies and a protective immune response in IFNAR −/− miceVaccine: X Volume 2, 9 August 2019, 100026; DOI: 110.1016/j.jvacx.2019.100026
      • Flannery J, Sanz-Bernardo B, Ashby M, Brown H, Carpenter S, Cooke L, Corla A, Frost L, Gubbins S, Hicks H, Qureshi M, Rajko-Nenow P, Sanders C, Tully M, Bréard E, Sailleau C, Zientara S, Darpel K, Batten C. Evidence of reduced viremia, pathogenicity and vector competence in a re-emerging European strain of bluetongue virus serotype 8 in sheep. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 May;66(3):1177-1185. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13131. Epub 2019 Feb 22. PMID: 30661301
      • Golender N., Eldar A., Ehrlich M., Khinich Y., Kenigswald G., Varsano j. S., Ertracht S., Abramovitz I., Assis I., Shlamovitz I, Tiomkin E, Yonay E, Sharir B. and Bumbarov V. Y.; Emergence of a Novel Reassortant Strain of Bluetongue Serotype 6 in Israel, 2017: Clinical Manifestations of the Disease and Molecular Characterization. Viruses 2019, 11, 633; doi:10.3390/v11070633
      • Jacquot, M. Rao PP, Yadav S, Nomikou K, Maan S, Jyothi YK, Reddy N, Putty K, Hemadri D, Singh KP, Singh Maan N, Hegde NR, Mertens P, Biek R. (2019) Contrasting selective patterns across the segmented genome of bluetongue virus in a global reassortment hotspot. Virus Evolution, 5(2), vez027. (doi:10.1093/ve/vez027) (PMID:31392031) (PMCID:PMC6680063)
      • Kundlacz C., Caignard G., Sailleau C., Viarouge C., Postic L., Vitour D., Zientara S., Breard E.. 2019. Bluetongue virus in France: an illustration of the European and Mediterranean BTV situations since the 2000s. Viruses (IF 2019 : 3,811), 11(7). pi: E672. DOI: 10.3390/v11070672
      • Maan S., Belaganahalli M.N., Maan N.S., Potgieter A.C., Mertens P.P.C. Quantitative RT-PCR assays for identification and typing of the Equine encephalosis virus. Braz J Microbiol. 2019 Jan; 50(1): 287–296. Published online 2018 Dec 10. DOI: 10.1007/s42770-018-0034-1
      • Marín-Lopez A, Calvo-Pinilla E, Moreno S, Utrilla-Trigo S, Nogales A, Brun A, Fikrig E, Ortego J. (2019) Modeling arboviral infection in mice lacking the interferon Alpha/Beta Receptor. Viruses. 11(1). pii: E35. DOI: 10.3390/v11010035.12
      • Pascall, D.J.; Nomikou, K.; Bréard, E.; Zientara, S.; Silva Filipe, A.; Hoffmann, B.; Jacquot, M.; Singer, J.B.; De Clercq, K.; Bøtner, A.; Sailleau, C.; Viarouge, C.; Batten, C.; Puggioni, G.; Ligios, C.; Savini, G.; van Rijn, P.A.; Mertens, P.P.C.; Biek, R.; Palmarini, M. (2019) Evolutionary stasis of an RNA virus indicates arbovirus re-emergence triggered by accidental release. DOI: 10.1101/2019.12.11.872705
      • Ries C., Beer M., Hoffmann B. BTV antibody longevity in cattle five to eight years post BTV-8 vaccination; Vaccine. 2019 May 6;37(20):2656-2660. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.082. Epub 2019 Apr 9.
      • Stevens L.M., Moffat K., Cooke L., Nomikou1 K., Mertens P.P.C., Jackson T., Darpel K.E. A low-passage insect-cell isolate of bluetongue virus uses a macropinocytosis-like entry pathway to infect natural target cells derived from the bovine host, First Published: 07 March 2019 DOI: 10.1099/jgv.0.001240
      • van Rijn PA. Prospects of Next-Generation Vaccines for Bluetongue Front. Vet. Sci., 21 November 2019 DOI:10.3389/fvets.2019.00407
      • Vinomack C, Rivière J, Bréard E, Viarouge C, Postic L, Zientara S, Vitour D, Belbis G, Spony V, Pagneux C, Sailleau C, Zanella G. Clinical cases of Bluetongue serotype 8 in calves in France in the 2018-2019 winter. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 Dec 28. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13466


      • Sailleau C, Breard E, Viarouge C, Gorlier A, Leroux A, Hirchaud E, Lucas P, Blanchard Y, Vitour D, Grandcollot-Chabot M, Zientara S. Emergence of bluetongue virus serotype 4 in mainland France in November 2017. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Jul 2. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12919. PMID: 29885075.

      • Bréard E, Schulz C, Sailleau C, Bernelin-Cottet C, Viarouge C, Vitour D, Guillaume B, Caignard G, Gorlier A, Attoui H, Gallois M, Hoffmann B, Zientara S, Beer M.  Bluetongue virus serotype 27: Experimental infection of goats, sheep and cattle with three BTV-27 variants reveal atypical characteristics and likely direct contact transmission BTV-27 between goats. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):e251-e263. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12780. Epub 2017 Dec 15. PMID: 29243405

      • Schulz C, Sailleau C, Bréard E, Flannery J, Viarouge C, Zientara S, Beer M, Batten C, Hoffmann B. Experimental infection of sheep, goats and cattle with a bluetongue virus serotype 4 field strain from Bulgaria, 2014. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):e243-e250. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12746. Epub 2017 Nov 8.  PMID: 29119690.

      • Courtejoie Noémie, Benoit Durand, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Damien Vitour, Stéphan Zientara, Axel Gorlier, Florence Baurier, Corinne Gourmelen, Fabienne Benoit, Hamid Achour, Claire Milard, Sylvie Poliak, Caroline Pagneux, Cyril Viarouge, Gina Zanella. 2017. Serological status for BTV-8 in French cattle prior to the 2015 re-emergence. Transbound Emerg Dis. (IF 2016 : 3,585), Sep 22. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12718.

      • Eduardo Fernández-Carrión, Benjamin Ivorra, Ángel Manuel Ramos, Beatriz Martínez-López, Cecilia Aguilar-Vega, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno. An advection-deposition-survival model to assess the risk of introduction of vector-borne diseases through the wind: Application to bluetongue outbreaks in Spain.  PLoS ONE 13(3): e0194573. journal.pone.0194573.

      • Marín-López A, Calvo-Pinilla E, Barriales D, Lorenzo G, Brun A, Anguita J, Ortego J. CD8 T CELL RESPONSES TO AN IMMUNODOMINANT EPITOPE WITHIN THE NON-STRUCTURAL PROTEIN NS1 PROVIDES WIDE IMMUNOPROTECTION AGAINST BLUETONGUE VIRUS IN IFNAR(-/-) MICE. J Virol. 2018 Jun 6. pii: JVI.00938-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00938-18. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 29875250

      • Reddy YV, Susmitha B, Patil S, Krishnajyothi Y, Putty K, Ramakrishna KV, Sunitha G, Devi BV, Kavitha K, Deepthi B, Krovvidi S, Reddy YN, Reddy GH, Singh KP, Maan NS, Hemadri D, Maan S, Mertens PP, Hegde NR, Rao PP. Isolation and evolutionary analysis of Australasian topotype of bluetongue virus serotype 4 from India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):547-556. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12738. Epub 2017 Nov 9.MID:29120083

      • Maan S, Kumar A, Gupta AK, Dalal A, Chaudhary D, Gupta TK, Bansal N, Kumar V, Batra K, Sindhu N, Kumar A, Mahajan NK, Maan NS, Mertens PPC.Concurrent infection of Bluetongue and Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus in small ruminants in Haryana State of India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Feb;65(1):235-239. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12610. Epub 2017 Jan 24. PMID:28116836

      • P. A. van Rijn, J. Boonstra , and H. G. P. van Gennip. (2018). Recombinant Newcastle disease viruses with targets for PCR diagnostics for Rinderpest and Peste-des-petits ruminants. J. Virol. Methods 259, 50-53.

      • Piet A. van Rijn, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Jan Boonstra and René G. P. van Gennip. (2018). Diagnostic DIVA tests accompanying the Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine platform for African horse sickness (conditionally accepted to Vaccine 36, 3584–3592.

      • Piet A. van Rijn, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Christiaan A. Potgieter, and René G. P. van Gennip. (2018). African horse sickness virus (AHSV) with a deletion of 77 amino acids in NS3/NS3a protein is not virulent and a safe promising AHS Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine platform. Vaccine 36, 1923-1933.

      • Maurilia Marcacci, Serena Sant, Iolanda Mangone, Maria Goria, Alessandro Dondo, Simona Zoppi, René G.P. van Gennip, Maria Cristina Radaelli, Cesare Cammà, Piet A. van Rijn, Giovanni Savini, Alessio Lorusso. (2018). One after the other: a novel Bluetongue virus strain related to Toggenburg virus detected in Piedmont region (north western Italy), extends the panel of novel atypical BTV strains. Transbound Emerg Dis. 65:2, 370-74.



      • Hemadri D, Maan S, Chanda MM, Rao PP, Putty K, Krishnajyothi Y, Reddy GH, Kumar V, Batra K, Reddy YV, Maan NS, Reddy YN, Singh KP, Shivachandra SB, Hegde NR, Rahman H, Mertens PPC. Dual Infection with Bluetongue Virus Serotypes and First-Time Isolation of Serotype 5 in India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017 Dec;64(6):1912-1917. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12589. Epub 2016 Dec 21. PMID: 28004522

      • Fowler VL, Howson ELA, Flannery J, Romito M, Lubisi A, Agüero M, Mertens P, Batten CA, Warren HR, Castillo-Olivares J. Development of a Novel Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Rapid Detection of African Horse Sickness Virus. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017 Oct;64(5):1579-1588. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12549. PMID: 27484889

      • Simon More, Dominique Bicout, Anette Bøtner, Andrew Butterworth, Klaus Depner, Sandra Edwards, Bruno Garin-Bastuji, Margaret Good, Christian Gortazar Schmidt, Virginie Michel, Miguel Angel Miranda, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Mohan Raj, Liisa Sihvonen, Hans Spoolder, Jan Arend Stegeman, Hans-Hermann Thulke, Antonio Velarde, Preben Willeberg, Christoph Winckler, Peter Mertens, Giovanni Savini, Stephan Zientara,  Alessandro Broglia, Francesca Baldinelli, Andrey Gogin, Lisa Kohnle and Paolo Calistri Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): bluetongue  EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), (2017) EFSA Journal doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4957

      • Piet A. van Rijn, Franz J. Daus, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Femke Feenstra, and René G.P. van Gennip (2017). Bluetongue Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine: Studies on the optimal route and dose in sheep. Vaccine 35, 231-237

      • Femke Feenstra and Piet A. van Rijn (2017). Current and next-generation bluetongue vaccines: Requirements, strategies, and prospects for different field situations. Critical Reviews in Microbiology 42:2, 142-155

      • Cristina C. Celma, Meredith Stewart, Michael Eschbaumer, Kerstin Wernike, Lorenzo Gonzalez-Molleda, Emmanuel Breard, Claudia Schulz, Bernd Hoffmann, Andy Haegeman, Kris De Clercq, Stephan Zientara, Piet A. van Rijn, Martin Beer, and Polly Roy (2017). Replication-deficient particles: New insights into the next generation of bluetongue virus vaccines. J. Virol. 91:e01892-16.

      • Belbis G., Zientara S, E. Bréard, C. Sailleau, G CAIGNARD, D. Vitour, H. Attoui. 2017. Bluetongue virus: from BTV-1 to BTV-27. Advances in Virus Research (IF 2014 : 4,571), 2017;99:161-197. doi: 10.1016/bs.aivir.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

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