PALE-Blu Publications

You will find a list of PALE-Blu publications linked below.



  • Saminathan M., Singh K. P., Vineetha S., Maity M., Biswas S. K., Manjunathareddy G. B., chauhan H. C., Milton A. A. P., Ramakrishnan M. A., Maan S., Maan N. S., Hemadri D., Chande B. S., Gupta V. K. & Mertens P. P. C. Virological, immunological and pathological findings of transplacentally transmitted bluetongue virus serotype 1 in IFNAR1-blocked mice during early and mid gestation; Sci Rep 10, 2164 (2020). DOI: 


  • Aguilar-Vega C, Fernández-Carrión E, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM. The possible route of introduction of bluetongue virus serotype 3 into Sicily by windborne transportation of infected Culicoides spp. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019;66(4):1665-73. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13201.
  • Cappai S., Rolesu S., Loi1 F., Liciardi M., Leone A., Marcacci M., Teodori L., Mangone I., Sghaier S., Portanti O., Savini G., Lorusso A. Western Bluetongue virus serotype 3 in Sardinia, diagnosis and characterization; Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019;66:1426–1431.; DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13156
  • Ciss M, Biteye B, Fall AG, Fall M, Gahn MCB, Leroux L and Apolloni A. Ecological niche modelling to estimate the distribution of Culicoides, potential vectors of bluetongue virus in Senegal; BMC Ecol           (2019) 19:45  DOI: 10.1186/s12898-019-0261-9
  • Curini V., Marcacci M., Tonelli A., Di Teodoro G., Di Domenico M., D'Alterio N., Portanti O., Ancora M., Savini G., Panfili M., Camma C., Lorusso A. Molecular typing of Bluetongue virus using the nCounter® analysis system platform. J Virol Methods. 2019 Jul;269:64-69. Epub 2019 Apr 2. PMID: 30951789 DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.04.002
  • Fay PC., Attoui H., Batten C. Jaafar FM., Lomonossoff GP., Daly JM., Mertens PPC. Bluetongue virus outer-capsid protein VP2 expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana raises neutralising antibodies and a protective immune response in IFNAR −/− miceVaccine: X Volume 2, 9 August 2019, 100026; DOI: 110.1016/j.jvacx.2019.100026
  • Golender N., Eldar A., Ehrlich M., Khinich Y., Kenigswald G., Varsano j. S., Ertracht S., Abramovitz I., Assis I., Shlamovitz I, Tiomkin E, Yonay E, Sharir B. and Bumbarov V. Y.; Emergence of a Novel Reassortant Strain of Bluetongue Serotype 6 in Israel, 2017: Clinical Manifestations of the Disease and Molecular Characterization. Viruses 2019, 11, 633; doi:10.3390/v11070633
  • Jacquot, M. Rao PP, Yadav S, Nomikou K, Maan S, Jyothi YK, Reddy N, Putty K, Hemadri D, Singh KP, Singh Maan N, Hegde NR, Mertens P, Biek R. (2019) Contrasting selective patterns across the segmented genome of bluetongue virus in a global reassortment hotspot. Virus Evolution, 5(2), vez027. (doi:10.1093/ve/vez027) (PMID:31392031) (PMCID:PMC6680063)
  • Ries C., Beer M., Hoffmann B. BTV antibody longevity in cattle five to eight years post BTV-8 vaccination; Vaccine. 2019 May 6;37(20):2656-2660. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.082. Epub 2019 Apr 9.
  • van Rijn PA. Prospects of Next-Generation Vaccines for Bluetongue Front. Vet. Sci., 21 November 2019 DOI:10.3389/fvets.2019.00407
  • Vinomack C, Rivière J, Bréard E, Viarouge C, Postic L, Zientara S, Vitour D, Belbis G, Spony V, Pagneux C, Sailleau C, Zanella G. Clinical cases of Bluetongue serotype 8 in calves in France in the 2018-2019 winter. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 Dec 28. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13466


  • Sailleau C, Breard E, Viarouge C, Gorlier A, Leroux A, Hirchaud E, Lucas P, Blanchard Y, Vitour D, Grandcollot-Chabot M, Zientara S. Emergence of bluetongue virus serotype 4 in mainland France in November 2017. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Jul 2. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12919. PMID: 29885075.

  • Bréard E, Schulz C, Sailleau C, Bernelin-Cottet C, Viarouge C, Vitour D, Guillaume B, Caignard G, Gorlier A, Attoui H, Gallois M, Hoffmann B, Zientara S, Beer M.  Bluetongue virus serotype 27: Experimental infection of goats, sheep and cattle with three BTV-27 variants reveal atypical characteristics and likely direct contact transmission BTV-27 between goats. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):e251-e263. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12780. Epub 2017 Dec 15. PMID: 29243405

  • Schulz C, Sailleau C, Bréard E, Flannery J, Viarouge C, Zientara S, Beer M, Batten C, Hoffmann B. Experimental infection of sheep, goats and cattle with a bluetongue virus serotype 4 field strain from Bulgaria, 2014. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):e243-e250. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12746. Epub 2017 Nov 8.  PMID: 29119690.

  • Courtejoie Noémie, Benoit Durand, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Damien Vitour, Stéphan Zientara, Axel Gorlier, Florence Baurier, Corinne Gourmelen, Fabienne Benoit, Hamid Achour, Claire Milard, Sylvie Poliak, Caroline Pagneux, Cyril Viarouge, Gina Zanella. 2017. Serological status for BTV-8 in French cattle prior to the 2015 re-emergence. Transbound Emerg Dis. (IF 2016 : 3,585), Sep 22. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12718.

  • Eduardo Fernández-Carrión, Benjamin Ivorra, Ángel Manuel Ramos, Beatriz Martínez-López, Cecilia Aguilar-Vega, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno. An advection-deposition-survival model to assess the risk of introduction of vector-borne diseases through the wind: Application to bluetongue outbreaks in Spain.  PLoS ONE 13(3): e0194573. journal.pone.0194573.

  • Marín-López A, Calvo-Pinilla E, Barriales D, Lorenzo G, Brun A, Anguita J, Ortego J. CD8 T CELL RESPONSES TO AN IMMUNODOMINANT EPITOPE WITHIN THE NON-STRUCTURAL PROTEIN NS1 PROVIDES WIDE IMMUNOPROTECTION AGAINST BLUETONGUE VIRUS IN IFNAR(-/-) MICE. J Virol. 2018 Jun 6. pii: JVI.00938-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00938-18. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 29875250

  • Reddy YV, Susmitha B, Patil S, Krishnajyothi Y, Putty K, Ramakrishna KV, Sunitha G, Devi BV, Kavitha K, Deepthi B, Krovvidi S, Reddy YN, Reddy GH, Singh KP, Maan NS, Hemadri D, Maan S, Mertens PP, Hegde NR, Rao PP. Isolation and evolutionary analysis of Australasian topotype of bluetongue virus serotype 4 from India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Apr;65(2):547-556. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12738. Epub 2017 Nov 9.MID:29120083

  • Maan S, Kumar A, Gupta AK, Dalal A, Chaudhary D, Gupta TK, Bansal N, Kumar V, Batra K, Sindhu N, Kumar A, Mahajan NK, Maan NS, Mertens PPC.Concurrent infection of Bluetongue and Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus in small ruminants in Haryana State of India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Feb;65(1):235-239. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12610. Epub 2017 Jan 24. PMID:28116836

  • Diarra, M., Fall, M., Fall, A. G., Diop, A., Lancelot, R., Seck, M. T.,  & Guis, H. Spatial distribution modelling of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) biting midges, potential vectors of African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses in Senegal. (2018). Parasites & vectors, 11(1), 341. doi: 10.1186/s13071-018-2920-7. PMID 29884209

  • P. A. van Rijn, J. Boonstra , and H. G. P. van Gennip. (2018). Recombinant Newcastle disease viruses with targets for PCR diagnostics for Rinderpest and Peste-des-petits ruminants. J. Virol. Methods 259, 50-53.

  • Piet A. van Rijn, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Jan Boonstra and René G. P. van Gennip. (2018). Diagnostic DIVA tests accompanying the Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine platform for African horse sickness (conditionally accepted to Vaccine 36, 3584–3592.

  • Piet A. van Rijn, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Christiaan A. Potgieter, and René G. P. van Gennip. (2018). African horse sickness virus (AHSV) with a deletion of 77 amino acids in NS3/NS3a protein is not virulent and a safe promising AHS Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine platform. Vaccine 36, 1923-1933.

  • Maurilia Marcacci, Serena Sant, Iolanda Mangone, Maria Goria, Alessandro Dondo, Simona Zoppi, René G.P. van Gennip, Maria Cristina Radaelli, Cesare Cammà, Piet A. van Rijn, Giovanni Savini, Alessio Lorusso. (2018). One after the other: a novel Bluetongue virus strain related to Toggenburg virus detected in Piedmont region (north western Italy), extends the panel of novel atypical BTV strains. Transbound Emerg Dis. 65:2, 370-74.



  • Hemadri D, Maan S, Chanda MM, Rao PP, Putty K, Krishnajyothi Y, Reddy GH, Kumar V, Batra K, Reddy YV, Maan NS, Reddy YN, Singh KP, Shivachandra SB, Hegde NR, Rahman H, Mertens PPC. Dual Infection with Bluetongue Virus Serotypes and First-Time Isolation of Serotype 5 in India. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017 Dec;64(6):1912-1917. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12589. Epub 2016 Dec 21. PMID: 28004522

  • Fowler VL, Howson ELA, Flannery J, Romito M, Lubisi A, Agüero M, Mertens P, Batten CA, Warren HR, Castillo-Olivares J. Development of a Novel Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Rapid Detection of African Horse Sickness Virus. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017 Oct;64(5):1579-1588. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12549. PMID: 27484889

  • Simon More, Dominique Bicout, Anette Bøtner, Andrew Butterworth, Klaus Depner, Sandra Edwards, Bruno Garin-Bastuji, Margaret Good, Christian Gortazar Schmidt, Virginie Michel, Miguel Angel Miranda, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Mohan Raj, Liisa Sihvonen, Hans Spoolder, Jan Arend Stegeman, Hans-Hermann Thulke, Antonio Velarde, Preben Willeberg, Christoph Winckler, Peter Mertens, Giovanni Savini, Stephan Zientara,  Alessandro Broglia, Francesca Baldinelli, Andrey Gogin, Lisa Kohnle and Paolo Calistri Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): bluetongue  EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), (2017) EFSA Journal doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4957

  • Piet A. van Rijn, Franz J. Daus, Mieke A. Maris-Veldhuis, Femke Feenstra, and René G.P. van Gennip (2017). Bluetongue Disabled Infectious Single Animal (DISA) vaccine: Studies on the optimal route and dose in sheep. Vaccine 35, 231-237

  • Femke Feenstra and Piet A. van Rijn (2017). Current and next-generation bluetongue vaccines: Requirements, strategies, and prospects for different field situations. Critical Reviews in Microbiology 42:2, 142-155

  • Cristina C. Celma, Meredith Stewart, Michael Eschbaumer, Kerstin Wernike, Lorenzo Gonzalez-Molleda, Emmanuel Breard, Claudia Schulz, Bernd Hoffmann, Andy Haegeman, Kris De Clercq, Stephan Zientara, Piet A. van Rijn, Martin Beer, and Polly Roy (2017). Replication-deficient particles: New insights into the next generation of bluetongue virus vaccines. J. Virol. 91:e01892-16.

  • Belbis G., Zientara S, E. Bréard, C. Sailleau, G CAIGNARD, D. Vitour, H. Attoui. 2017. Bluetongue virus: from BTV-1 to BTV-27. Advances in Virus Research (IF 2014 : 4,571), 2017;99:161-197. doi: 10.1016/bs.aivir.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

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